Welcome in Gotha->About Gotha->Brief historical summary

Brief historical summary

Brief historical summary of the city of Gotha

775 First documentary mention of the “villa gotaha” in a deed of gift to the Hersfeld Abbey signed by Charlemagne
1180/89 First documentary mention of Gotha as a town
1247 Transition of sovereignty from the Thuringian Landgraves to the Wettins
1515 The reformer Martin Luther (1483-1546) preaches for the first time in Gotha (last time in 1537)
1524 On Luther's recommendation, Myconius (1490-1546) is called to Gotha as the first Protestant preacher and superintendent

Siege of the city of Gotha by a superior imperial execution army under Elector August of Saxony (Grumbach Feud)

1567 Surrender to the imperial troops, capture of Grumbach and public execution of the outlaws on the main market
1640 Estate division of the Ernestine duchies and establishment of the duchy Saxe-Gotha under duke Ernest I, called "Ernest The Pious”; Gotha becomes seat of the duchy (until 1918)
1753 Stay of the French philosopher and writer Voltaire (1694-1778) at Friedenstein Palace
1825 Extinction of the house of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
1826 Creation of the duchy Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1847 Opening of the Erfurt-Gotha and Gotha-Eisenach railway lines
1894 Opening of the first electric tramway

The Worker's and Soldier's Council of Gotha deposes Charles Edward as Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; the duchy becomes the Free State of Saxe-Gotha (until 1920)


Kapp Putsch in March: armed workers' army fighting Reichswehr troops;formation of the State of Thuringia from the 7 former duchies and principalities


Liberation of Gotha by the 4th armoured division of the Third United States Army on the 4th of April;Change of occupying powers in Gotha (arrival of the Red Army on the 3rd of July)


Prayers for peace in the Church of St. Augustine followed by demonstrations;resignation of the Gotha city council;political discussions at the "round table" at the invitation of the Protestant Church

1990 first free democratic local elections after 1946
1994 Gotha receives the status “Große kreisangehörige Stadt” (large district city)




   Telefon: 03621/ 70 32 06





  Stadtteilzentrum Gotha West

  Humboldtstraße 67

  99867 Gotha